Theorists & Their Theories

Reynolds (2009), states that there are six strategies within the classroom insiting inquiry approach including; encrouage students to find things out, encourage students to articluate draft ideas, help students to put their learnings together, address concepts from different angles, provide feedback, provide time to process learning. This is inspired by Piaget, Vygotsky, Bruner & Dewey.

John Dowey (1859-1952)

Inquiry- based education is based on the theories of John Dewey (1859-1952). He introduced the educational reform during the 20th century. His approach to this theory grew from education and psychology. As a theorist, his philosophy proposed that education begins with the curiosity of the learner using queries and ideas within the classroom. These inquiries include; asking questions, investigating solutions, reasearching information and therefore gaining new knowledge, engaging in discussions amongst one another , and reflecting on learnt knowledge.

Piaget (1970) & Vygotsky (1978)

Piaget's cognitive theory & Vygotsky's social theory both have significant relevance to the inquiry based learning/teaching system. Piaget (1970) believed that children learnt through interactions with others and physical objects within their lives. He felt that the classroom setting should provide opportunities and activities to challenge a learner and encourage them to alter their beliefs and theories.

Vygotsky (1978) also believed that children learnt through interactions and converations when engaging in a social manner within activities. Though, Vygotsky had a strong belief that the interactions made should be between an expert and the student. The teacher is there to guide the students find answers for themselves.

Therefore between the theorists mentioned above, for inquiry learning to succeed, it is essential for students to investigate within their environments and problem solves themselves in order to learn. Research, discussion and asking questions are all essential for a student to gain knowledge and enhance their skills.